Gustavus swift

Here Carnegie describes it in deceptively simple language. At exactly the same time, there was a tremendous expansion of cattle production on the unfenced plains of the West. The car worked, and it allowed for much cheaper shipments of fresh meat. Detroit's William Davis patented a refrigerator car that employed metal racks to suspend the carcasses above a frozen mixture of ice and salt.

Swift and company

More importantly, it was the only railroad that would accept his cargo. Many railroad companies refused to give in to Swift even he himself negotiated furiously. In , he entered into a partnership with James A. He hired engineers and chemists to find uses for the byproducts of cattle slaughter. A side of beef leaving his Chicago plant was stored in a freezer in New York on the very same hook on which it was hung when it was killed in Chicago. See also:. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. They expanded to Kansas and St. Swift eventually gained the upper hand. An overhead trolley carried cattle carcasses to the various processing stations on the floor. In the s, Swift's company fell victim to the leveraged buyouts of the era but survived as Armour Swift-Eckrich, owned by ConAgra. To solve this problem, Swift tried hanging the beef from railings, which seemed to work well enough until the train took a sharp enough curve to throw it off balance and, potentially, even cause a wreck. His legacy became embodied in the change of the American meat packing industry his support and idea of a refrigerated cart translated to the growth the American meat packing and processing industry. For the meat industry, salt was used as a preservative, but people preferred salted pork to salted beef.

Thundering herds of Texas longhorns, a quarter of a million in a herd, were driven to new railroad towns like Abilene, Kansas. He established himself as one of the dominant figures of "The Yards" and his distinctive delivery wagons became familiar fixtures on Chicago's streets.

gustavus swift quotes

Swift made arrangements with the holders of various patents on the parts used for the refrigerated cars and created his own design. Chicago and the birth of the meat-packing industry Men in suits and overcoats inspect Hereford yearlings.

During that period he was employed in a number of odd jobs, finally finding full-time work in his elder brother Noble's butcher shop at the age of fourteen.

gustavus swift net worth

See also:. He shipped meat during the winter from Chicago to Boston. He adapted the methods of the industrial revolution to meat packing operations, which resulted in huge efficiencies by allowing his plants to produce at a massive scale.

When Swift had his refrigerated railroad carts, he faced a problem of finding a line to operate it. He was one of 12 children and was educated at a local school, which he left at age He is credited with the development of the first practical ice-cooled railroad car which allowed his company to ship dressed meats to all parts of the country and even abroad, which ushered in the "era of cheap beef.

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Gustavus Swift: Capitalist Hero