Here Carnegie describes it in deceptively simple language. At exactly the same time, there was a tremendous expansion of cattle production on the unfenced plains of the West. The car worked, and it allowed for much cheaper shipments of fresh meat. Detroit's William Davis patented a refrigerator car that employed metal racks to suspend the carcasses above a frozen mixture of ice and salt.
Thundering herds of Texas longhorns, a quarter of a million in a herd, were driven to new railroad towns like Abilene, Kansas. He established himself as one of the dominant figures of "The Yards" and his distinctive delivery wagons became familiar fixtures on Chicago's streets.
Swift made arrangements with the holders of various patents on the parts used for the refrigerated cars and created his own design. Chicago and the birth of the meat-packing industry Men in suits and overcoats inspect Hereford yearlings.
During that period he was employed in a number of odd jobs, finally finding full-time work in his elder brother Noble's butcher shop at the age of fourteen.
See also:. He shipped meat during the winter from Chicago to Boston. He adapted the methods of the industrial revolution to meat packing operations, which resulted in huge efficiencies by allowing his plants to produce at a massive scale.
When Swift had his refrigerated railroad carts, he faced a problem of finding a line to operate it. He was one of 12 children and was educated at a local school, which he left at age He is credited with the development of the first practical ice-cooled railroad car which allowed his company to ship dressed meats to all parts of the country and even abroad, which ushered in the "era of cheap beef.