Factory farming is acceptable because it is positive for economic growth
These industrial monocultures are very susceptible to diseases, which have caused several regional wipe-outs of farm shrimp populations.
Commercial shrimp farming began in the s, and production grew steeply, particularly to match the market demands of the USA, Japan and Western Europe. Ironically, there are news reports that Nebraska may now seek to recruit that very operation.
Industrial agriculture environmental impacts
Over the next 15 years, I conducted research related to livestock marketing and worked directly with livestock producers. From that time, farm sizes have risen significantly. A herd health program is critical to sustainable livestock production. In spite of efforts to discredit it, my report was published as chapters in a couple of different books. For every ten calories of food we feed them, we get at most around one calorie of meat in return. Studies at various universities have shown grass-based dairy farms to be more profitable than confinement dairy operations, in fact, among the most profitable of all farming operations. A broiler chicken is sent to slaughter at 6 to 8 weeks and laying hens at around 18 months. But increased size has advantages, especially better opportunities to invest in new technologies and to benefit from economies of scale.
Main article: Animal law In various jurisdictions, intensive animal production of some kinds is subject to regulation for environmental protection. Concerned citizens in other states — Iowa, Idaho, North Carolina, California, Wisconsin and Colorado among them — are mobilizing and, quite possibly, they may be the precursor of a national movement.
At the turn of the century there were an estimated 15 billion livestock in the world, a figure that has now risen to around 24 billion with the majority of chicken, pork and eggs produced on intensive farms. Mixed crop and livestock operations have several advantages.
While most of the feed may come from other enterprises on the ranch, some purchased feed is usually imported from off the farm.
Why factory farming is necessary
There will need to be compromises between the convenience of tilling large, unfenced fields and the fencing needs of livestock operations. We, rightly so, condemn the entire institution. A recent outcry from Kansans, for example, forced an industrial chicken farm to vacate plans for its preferred location. A wide range of new farming opportunities are emerging in response to growing concerns for food safety, environmental issues, and social concerns. A whole host of negative ecological and environmental consequences are the inevitable result of concentrating the production of too many animals in spaces that are too small to accommodate the basic health needs of animals and to assimilate or neutralize their inevitable wastes. Animal farming is the moral catastrophe of one sentient being with a heartbreaking life story, plus another sentient being… plus another… plus another… plus another… more than one hundred billion times. The basic structure of a particular type of organization provides the foundation for standard operating procedures and functional routines in all organizations of this particular type. Animal factories strive to send animals to slaughter at young ages, before chronic illness results in death. Intensive or factory farming of livestock is characterised by a large number of the same species of animal raised in closed barns and with their movement restricted. Contrary to popular belief, the growth in popularity of corporate CAFOs does necessarily mean that CAFOs are more economically efficient than well-managed independent farming operations. The link between noxious odors and health problems for those who work in CAFOs can no longer be denied. Producing hogs on deep-bedded facilities provides another viable alternative to the slatted floors, cramped crates, and manure lagoons and pits associated with CAFOs. In the long-term, some farmland may need to be removed from production or converted to other uses. CAFOs are natural breeding grounds for pathogens.
based on 27 review