Definition of islamic economic
In transactions involving gold and silver or dirham and dinar equality of quantity is not a requirement.
Economic ethics in islam
In case of deficit on the current fiscal account, the government should forcefully tailor its current spending in line with ability to raise revenues with a view to generate a current fiscal surplus. This riba, is prohibited to edge against from principal mode of usury, which is riba of debt. According to this formulation, the higher the rate of savings and therefore investment, and the higher the productivity of capital, the higher will be economic growth. It is based on principles revealed from Islamic sources that deal with many aspects of day-to-day life, including politics, economics, business, family, and social issues. An Islamic economic model cannot be established without full discharge of the zakat [The topic of zakat has been extensively discussed in Hamid, Iqbal, and Mirakhor Individuals are even expected to observe in their dealings with others a climate of justice and fair play Al-Adl ; and to go beyond their minimum obligations to others; to excel in fulfilling their duties and achieving the highest standards of benevolence, kindness and sacrifice for others Al-Ihsan. Section VI discusses private sector development and asset and product markets in an Islamic economic model. Spending in favour of the poor and handicapped should be maintained in due proportion as a fundamental aspect of Islamic public finance. The next is the rules and ways, in islam rules are in quran and sunnah shariah then the interpretation of ulamas on some concept and issues that are not clearly interpreted in the quran and hadith and ways are how those rules are being followed with a light of vision, those must be considered and improvement in islamic economics will be achieved. It is no wonder that just the mere thought that interest rate may go up or down will bring havoc to all sectors of the economy. Hence, when social equity is secured through zakat, motives on the side of lenders to practice interest and dire needs of the poor to accept interest will disappear.
The different school of fiqh madhhab vary slightly in their rulings. Zakah is not a hand-out from the rich to the poor.
Nature of islamic economics
Chapra,  and M. The term lived on in the Muslim world, shifting form to the less ambitious goal of interest-free banking. The liabilities of the financial institution are covered by tangible real assets that are owned directly by the institution. The presence of any element of excessive uncertainty, in a contract is prohibited. This riba, is prohibited to edge against from principal mode of usury, which is riba of debt. Hence, savers in an interest free system are at a disadvantage. Zakat is defined by fixed ratios to savings, gold, silver, crops [Vegetables and perishable fruits are not subject to zakat], livestock [Horses, mules, and donkeys are not subject to zakat], inventories, rent income, and real estate wealth. In other words: why did bank came to existence? Short-term deposits may finance short-term trade operations, with the bank purchasing merchandise or raw materials and selling to other companies; liquidity is replenished as proceeds from sales operations are generated. In the post war period, the technological gap between Muslim and industrial countries has grown very large. These rules and standards are based on the Islamic order as recognized in the Koran and Sunna and the corpus of jurisprudence opus which was developed over the last years by thousands of jurist, responding to the changing circumstances and evolving life of Muslims all over the globe. At the dawn of the middle ages, a social movement towards division of labor and specialization took place.
It is that type of usury called riba in Arabic which was addressed in the Koranic prohibition. H specified six items commodities and set special rules for their exchange. Zakat is defined by fixed ratios to savings, gold, silver, crops [Vegetables and perishable fruits are not subject to zakat], livestock [Horses, mules, and donkeys are not subject to zakat], inventories, rent income, and real estate wealth.
The last one is different between rules and meanings, dealing with rules will come to a point where rules forget the meanings so this must be taken into consideration for improvement of Islamic economics. Contrary to all other economic system, an Islamic economic system has built in a perfect safety net against poverty and social inequities.
Definition of islamic economic
In fact, it is so basic that the whole message of Islam came to free man from all kind of slavery. Savings is redeployed into productive investment with no ex-nihilo money creation. The government is entitled to royalties from mineral resources. Refusal to pay zakat will cause economic losses as is explicated in many parts of Quran. People discovered very early that the welfare of both groups will be significantly improved if a process of transferring resources from the first to the second group was initiated. Classical growth theory recognized that economic growth depended on capital accumulation. Khan and M. Historical experience established that if zakat and khumus are fully paid, poverty will completely disappear in the Muslim world for essentially two reasons.
There is little or no difference between usury which was practiced in antiquity and that of a modern money center bank. Verily, He likes not those who waste by extravagance.
The financing of development projects should be through non interest modes. It may buy goods, on the behalf of a trader, for resale at profit. Monzer Kahf  "the study of an The state has the responsibility for defines, maintaining order, redistributing income in favour of the poor, establishing justice, providing public services, and investing in economic development.
The next is the rules and ways, in islam rules are in quran and sunnah shariah then the interpretation of ulamas on some concept and issues that are not clearly interpreted in the quran and hadith and ways are how those rules are being followed with a light of vision, those must be considered and improvement in islamic economics will be achieved.
Countries that practice islamic economic system
Believe in what Allah has ordered is the best as clearly stated in 5; 3: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour on you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion; and that disobeying Allah will result in failure either in this life or in the life after, as mentioned in14; Have you not seen those who have changed the Blessings of Allah into disbelief and caused their people to dwell in the house of destruction? However, a Muslim is always engaged not to confine his charity to that requirement by giving alms sadaqat. Inflationary financing of the deficit is not acceptable as it distorts prices, extracts large tax on fixed income groups pensioners, wage earners , absorbs savings and decelerates economic growth. Deposits at an Islamic financial institution could be seen as shares or equities and, unless insured, are subject to risks [Typical Islamic products are Mudarabah, Musharaka, Murabaha, Istisnaa, and Ijara See Hassan and Lewis for detailed definitions ]. The main principles that have governed Islamic finance were fiscal discipline, trust, and efficiency in public expenditure: as clearly stated in many verses of Quran: 25; And those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, but hold a medium way between those extremes. The common denominator of these six items is their capability of being a medium of exchange. Islamic Economists claim that this is not only possible but it is superior to the interest based system. Profit generating uses of funds must always be financed through profit and loss sharing arrangements. Second, Zakat is fairly sufficient to satisfy the needs of the poor and the needy. Following their access to independence many Muslim countries chose a Leninist-Marxist model and lost out on decades of economic development. It is a measure designed to directly transfer part of the wealth from the well-to-do to the poor and not to the government. The main principle that has governed Islamic finance was fiscal discipline, trust, efficiency in public expenditure, and avoidance of waste.
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