Autonomy thesis philosophy
Liberalism and autonomy
Smith, A. Frankfurt, Harry. The true self includes those beliefs and preferences which cohere together; that coherence itself gives them authorization. Sterva eds. The term is also sometimes used in connection with ethics itself, to refer to the thesis that ethical claims cannot be reduced to nonethical claims. The idea that our decisions, if made autonomously, are to be respected and cannot be shrugged off, is a valuable one. Pious acts are made morally right because the gods love and approve those acts. Doris, J. But surely there are things that simply cannot be good regardless of what God might will or command. Nonetheless, it falls short of giving us everything we have reason to expect from an account of personal autonomy. Buss, S. If the religious believer has good reason to accept certain religious revelations as from God, then if these conflict with some of her own moral convictions, reason may require her to alter some of her own convictions. But if she necessarily has the authority to determine how she will act, and if this essential feature of agency is inseparable from the fact that she necessarily defers to herself whenever she initiates her action, then how can her behavior possibly escape her control?
There has been some debate over whether autonomy is actually a useful value for women, or whether it has been tarnished by association. It is not simply that what she does is the result of an earlier autonomous action. Laws and order are prioritized.
Partially in response to objections of this sort, Dworkin revised his view to exclude an explicit requirement of identification.
For Dworkin, autonomy involves among other things the capacity to raise the question of whether one identifies with the desires in question Dworkin There is certainly widespread agreement about the paradigm threats to personal autonomy: brainwashing and addiction are the favorite examples in the philosophical literature.
Christman, J. Beauchamp and Childress accept that a patient can autonomously choose to be guided by religious, traditional, or community norms and values.
Types of autonomy
When an attempt at social interchange occurs, it is reciprocal, ideal and natural for there to be autonomy regardless of why the collaboration with others has taken place. Usher, M. It addresses the challenge of balancing agency with social embeddedness, without promoting an excessively individualistic liberal atomism, or denying women the agency required to criticize or change their situation. Sociology[ edit ] In the sociology of knowledge , a controversy over the boundaries of autonomy inhibited analysis of any concept beyond relative autonomy,  until a typology of autonomy was created and developed within science and technology studies. They express the intuition that whether we govern ourselves depends on neither how we came to be who we are a fact that is prior to and in this sense external to the action itself nor how our beliefs and attitudes relate to reality a fact that is independent of and in this sense external to the beliefs and attitudes themselves. Ginet, C. The History of Autonomy a. Autonomy, for Hill, means that principles will not simply be accepted because of tradition or authority, but can be challenged through reason. Jaggar, Alison M. The term is also sometimes used in connection with ethics itself, to refer to the thesis that ethical claims cannot be reduced to nonethical claims.
Nelkin, D. It is widely agreed that, even if many people who fit this description are merely weak-willed, not all of them are: some unwilling addicts are not self-governing in even the minimal sense.
based on 24 review