An introduction to the reasons why did napoleon bonaparte become an emperor of france

what did napoleon do

The crowd quickly dispersed; this potential threat to the Directory, the then French government, was repulsed. Ina constitutional amendment made Napoleon first consul for life. He claimed that there was a conspiracy to return the Bourbon monarchy, to overthrow the Revolution.

Napoleon bonaparte timeline

Power was to be shared by a triumvirate, and Napoleon was to be first consul, primus inter pares, first among equals. The Law of 20 May officially restored the slave trade to the Caribbean colonies, not slavery itself. The treaty reaffirmed and expanded earlier French gains at Campo Formio. But the enthusiasm that greeted Napoleon when he resumed control of the government soon gave way to old frustrations and fears about his leadership. He decided on a military expedition to seize Egypt and thereby undermine Britain's access to its trade interests in India. Under the terms of Amiens, Napoleon agreed to appease British demands by not abolishing slavery in any colonies where the decree had never been implemented. To answer these questions, we need to turn to the basic elements of the regime itself: its constitution, its administration, the domestic achievements of the regime. The Constitution of had been based on universal suffrage. To speed up the retreat, Bonaparte ordered plague-stricken men to be poisoned with opium; the number who died remains disputed, ranging from a low of 30 to a high of I die before my time, killed by the English oligarchy and its hired assassins. In early he was bedridden and growing weaker by the day.

Start Your Free Trial Today A Corsican by birth, heredity, and childhood associations, Napoleon continued for some time after his arrival in Continental France to regard himself a foreigner; yet from age nine he was educated in France as other Frenchmen were. The constitution was approved in a rigged plebiscite held the following January, with The Constitution of had been based on universal suffrage.

Napoleon bonaparte facts

The estimated average height of a French man in was 5 feet 4 inches about 1. But the two soon had a falling out, and when a civil war in Corsica began in April , Napoleon, now an enemy of Paoli, and his family relocated to France, where they assumed the French version of their name: Bonaparte. Updated July 08, Napoleon Bonaparte first took political power in France through a coup against the old government, but he had not instigated it: that had principally been the plotting of Sieyes. Related Profiles. From Ormea, they headed west to outflank the Austro-Sardinian positions around Saorge. Visit Website Did you know? Such was the odious sight which was the first to strike me". The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century. In , the French defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Wagram, resulting in further gains for Napoleon. In the first encounter between the two commanders, Napoleon pushed back his opponent and advanced deep into Austrian territory after winning at the Battle of Tarvis in March

The resulting Law of 20 May never applied to colonies like Guadeloupe or Guyaneeven though rogue generals and other officials used the pretext of peace as an opportunity to reinstate slavery in some of these places. Why Landowners Wanted an Emperor However, the constitution only made Napoleon First Consul for ten years, and people began to fear what would happen when Napoleon left.

Still, for whatever oppressive qualities this Napoleonic regime displayed, the Napoleonic Empire was enormously popular in France, certainly down to —

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How Napoleon Became Emperor of France