An introduction to perceiving treating and coping with the autism disease
Highly-focused interests Many autistic people have intense and highly-focused interests, often from a fairly young age. This reflects the different diagnostic manuals and tools used, and the different autism profiles presented by individuals.
Criteria for exclusion Articles excluded were those that did not have an English translation, did not report the methodology for the study; described disorders, symptoms, or interventions not related to the autistic spectrum such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or the use of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine or anesthetics; described the care of children with autism with comorbidities such as deafness and anxiety disorder; and described the perception of parents in relation to siblings of children with autism.
The remaining included articles were then read, and relevant data compiled into these themes and domains. So far, we have outlined ways in which self-insight might be impaired in autism according to theories of autism.
Data compiled were analyzed via a phenomenological approach for recurring patterns related to the perspective of parents in their adaptation, needs, and experience, while caring for a child with autism, and codes were developed for each pattern.
Although parent reports have their own limitations e.
High functioning autism
Kanai et al. An algorithm score that combines the reciprocal social interaction and communication domains is the basis for diagnostic classification. The value parents held for these forms of supports from extended families was also observed. Key aspects of each study were also summarized for comparison of findings across studies. A modern transformational teacher explains that, from a spiritual point of view, marijuana has a negative effect on your soul development. Thus, we first examined how the personality traits of adults diagnosed with ASD differ from the personality traits of an age- and gender-matched sample of TD individuals. Scores ranged from 7 to 22 with a mean of Study 2 also assessed level of self-insight in individuals with ASD relative to TD individuals by examining the degree to which self-reports converged with parent reports in terms of self-other agreement and self-enhancement vs. We might ask, for example, how pervasively is personality altered in ASD, a disorder that has social impairment at its core? Some autistic people also have learning disabilities , mental health issues or other conditions , meaning people need different levels of support. Funder e.
Funder e. ASD Group. Notably, both studies relied on a single method to assess personality.
Autism spectrum disorder
To address these issues, we use both self- and parent reports of personality in children and adolescents with ASD vs. I say to my child: My dear, you will put on your pyjamas, you will eat by yourself, I will die one day, if you are left alone, you will have to take care of yourself, you have to survive. Medication is often used to manage a behavior if it threatens to cause harm to the person, such as head banging or slapping. Scientists believe that both genetics and environment likely play a role in causing ASD. Typically, a report is written summarizing these results and recommendations, and it is then given to the parents and the referring physician. Some parents avoided the consequences of going out in public and stayed home. For example, they may find certain background sounds, which other people ignore or block out, unbearably loud or distracting. These can change over time or be lifelong, and can be anything from art or music, to trains or computers. First, the myriad of emotions experienced upon diagnosis followed immediately by a feedback session were overwhelming for parents. So far, we have outlined ways in which self-insight might be impaired in autism according to theories of autism. After some time, several were still in denial, which affected their ability to advocate for the child. Articles having a specific focus instead, mainly described health services as well as social support and stigma toward autism. Professional support and services This final theme encompassed the experiences and expectations of parents with services and professionals in relation to treatment or educational interventions.
Are all traits affected? However, high profile agreement can sometimes be achieved when a judge rates a target as if she were simply a typical member of her group Furr,so this index is further decomposed into distinctive agreement, reflecting the degree to which a target and judge agree about the unique aspects of a target's trait profile relative to the group average, and two indices of normative agreement that respectively gauge 1 how much a target's self-rated profile converges with the average target-rated profile, and 2 how much an informant-rated profile converges with the average informant-rated profile.
Signs of autism
It may be difficult for an autistic person to take a different approach to something once they have been taught the 'right' way to do it. TD controls, allowing us to replicate the findings across assessment methods. Children with severe deficits as well as those who are mildly affected are therefore considered to have Autism Spectrum Disorder ASD. First, we examined personality-ASD relations in a sample of children and adolescents rather than adults. Once collected, self and informant reports can be compared in terms of relative agreement i. First, non-English articles were excluded due to the lack of translational services, which could have resulted in the exclusion of significant articles. After some time, several were still in denial, which affected their ability to advocate for the child. Autism is an integral part of her, it is not a problem anymore.
based on 108 review