An argument against raising animals for food and the consideration of the interests and rights of no

Peter singer animal rights

Following environmentalist Aldo Leopold 's principle that the sole criterion for morality is preserving the "integrity, stability and beauty of the biotic community", this position asserts that sustainable hunting and animal agriculture are environmentally healthy and therefore good. On the other hand, rational beings are called persons inasmuch as their nature already marks them out as ends in themselves. Racists violate the principle of equality by giving greater weight to the interests of members of their own race when there is a clash between their interests and the interests of those of another race. He points out that so-called pain-behavior is neither necessary nor sufficient for the experience of pain. Others focus on the preservation of whole species, on protecting the "integrity" of species, or on biodiversity. However, by doing this we are focusing on the wrong thing, Regan claims. Coyotes, elephants and killer whales are also among the species for which profound effects of grief have been reported Bekoff and many dog owners can provide similar accounts. Appealing to side-effects when it comes to the wrong of killing is certainly plausible, but it fails to capture what is directly wrong with killing. Matheny says that, when the numbers are adjusted, Davis' argument shows veganism as perpetrating the least harm. These facts require the immediate end to many of our practices according to Singer.

Whether we are required to refrain from painlessly killing animals will depend on whether animals have an interest in continuing to exist in the future.

White, L. Griffin, Donald R.

animal rights articles for students

Minteer, B. Articles Carruthers, Peter. But we could accept this account, as a historical explanation, without thereby committing ourselves to any views about the rightness or wrongness of the ethical system that has resulted.

There are also environmentalist arguments in favor of the morality of eating meat.

Arguments against animal rights

But animals can't make contracts. The argument against indirect theories is that they cannot accommodate this intuition in a satisfying way. But animals? The Moral Considerability of Animals To say that a being deserves moral consideration is to say that there is a moral claim that this being can make on those who can recognize such claims. Justin Leiber, a philosophy professor at Oxford University , writes that: Montaigne is ecumenical in this respect, claiming consciousness for spiders and ants, and even writing of our duties to trees and plants. There are two points of contention with the above account of rights. So although animals may have no rights, we may still have duties to them.

It depends, deeply, on the kind of relations they can have with us. Ethics does not demand that we eliminate personal relationships and partial affections, but it does demand that when we act we assess the moral claims of those affected by our actions independently of our feelings for them.

His moral principle that assigns moral status on the basis of intelligence or rationality is not what has led him astray. As it turns out, none of these activities is uncontroversially unique to human.

An argument against raising animals for food and the consideration of the interests and rights of no

If we assume that the explorer cannot otherwise provide food for the hunter, then it looks as if there is a conflict within the same category.

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Equality for Animals?, by Peter Singer